Another name for the bill of lading is also referred to as the “consignment note”. It is a document that contains the information required for a shipment and the information of the parties. The buyer needs this document in order to receive the goods sent.
Bill of Lading Types
Seaway Bill of Lading
The Seaway Bill of Lading is the contract given by the ship company, its authorized agent or the ship’s captain to the shipper.
What to include in the Seaway Bill of Lading
Name and address of the exporting company
Name and address of the importing company
Name and address of the shipping company
The quantity, material value, weight of the goods sent
Information on the port where the goods will depart and arrive
The date of loading the goods
Product description and number of packages
Freight payment information (the fee paid to the ship for sea freight)
Document, signature issue date
Road Bill of Lading
It is a road transport document used by countries that accept the requirements of the international CMR (Convention Marchandises Routiers) agreement.
Transport is carried out according to the provisions of the CMR. This document is prepared in 3 copies to accompany the shipper, the carrier and the goods.
Airwaybill (AWB) is the document prepared by the airline transport companies that they have received the goods. It is issued to a buyer, a shipper and an airline. There are 3 originals and 9 copies.
IMO : International Maritime Organization
What is IMO Form?
IMO Form is the document used to transport flammable, explosive and chemical substances in sea transportation. This form must be filled before the dangerous goods transport by sea. The points to be considered while filling out this document are as follows.
Labeling must be done correctly and properly.
Some combustible loads must have a defined packing group number (UN number).
The Technical Name section of the product, if any, should not be left blank in the form.
Package type and number of packages must be specified
Gross and net weights must be specified
Flour number and class must be specified
Must have stamp and signature information
DG FORM / DGR FORM
What is DG Form?
Before shipping dangerous goods by air, you must properly fill out the necessary transport documents.
The main purpose of the dangerous goods declaration (DGD) is for the shipper to provide critical information to the aircraft operator or carrier in a consistent format across the transport industry. This standard is part of the International Air Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR).
Chapter 8 of the IATA-DGR begins as follows. “A consignor’s declaration must be filled in by the consignor for each dangerous goods consignment.”
There are 8 materials that are exempt from this requirement as they are low risk.
UN 3164 – PRESSURIZED, PNEUMATIC OR HYDRAULIC OBJECTS
UN 3373- BIOLOGICAL SUBSTANCE, CATEGORY B
UN 1845 – SOLID CARBON DIOXIDE (DRY ICE)
DANGEROUS GOODS IN EXCEPTIONAL AMOUNTS
UN 3245 – GENETICALLY MODIFIED MICROORGANISMS AND GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS
LITHIUM ION OR LITHIUM METAL BATTERIES MEETING PACKAGING INSTRUCTIONS 965-970 PART II
UN 2807 – MAGNETIZED MATERIAL
The following information should be placed at the top of the DG Form:
- Shipper: The full name and address of the shipper.
- Air Waybill Number: The AWB Number can be filled in by the shipper’s agent or the airline.
- Number of Pages: It should be written as page number / total number of pages. For example, if there is 1 page, it will say “Page 1 of 1”.
- Shipper’s Reference Number: Field that provides the shipper the opportunity to enter an optional internal organization reference number.
- Recipient: Recipient’s full name and address.
- Transport Details: The shipper indicates whether the consignment complies with the restrictions for cargo and passenger aircraft, or whether the consignment is limited to cargo aircraft only.
- Departure Airport: Enter the full name of the departure airport or city. Three letter airport codes (example: JUB) are not acceptable.
- Destination Airport: Enter the full name of the destination airport or city. Three letter airport codes (example: DOH) are not acceptable.
- Shipment type: Non-Radioactive/Radioactive. The sender must tick the box that is not valid.